Fly fishing is an angling method in which an artificial fly is used to deceive the fish. Casting techniques differ significantly from other forms of casting since the fly line is heavy enough to send the fly to the fish. Fly anglers use hand tied flies that resemble different food forms to entice the fish to strike or take it. Fly fishing has spread all over the world and is now practiced in both fresh and saltwater. The gear and techniques are so vast that these fall in different categories among fly fishing.
Throughout recorded history men have fished in an effort to provide food for themselves and their families. However, fishing for food is not the only motive man has. The fascination that millions of individuals have for fishing can be ascribed to a desire to outwit the fish. It also provides an escape from the tribulations we all experience everyday. Sports-fishing is popular in almost every country of the world and is a pastime practiced by millions. When man first began to fish he used a Gorge rather than a hook (hooks came later). A Gorge consisted of a piece of wood, bone, or stone that had been sharpened at both ends. The earliest hooks were made from bone about 3000 years ago in the south of Europe. They were of a simple design, but similar to modern-day hooks. Early references to fishing with rod and line can be found on the ancient Egyptian tomb paintings. The first flies were produced after man discovered, much to his surprise, that covering the hook with feathers tricked the fish to take. The technique used by these early fishermen was to simply lay the artificial fly on the water's surface.
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Fly fishing is most renowned as a method for catching trout, grayling and salmon, but it is also used for a wide variety of species including pike, bass, panfish, and carp, as well as marine species, such as redfish, snook, tarpon, bonefish and striped bass. Many fly anglers catch other species such as chub, bream and rudd while fishing for 'main target' species such as trout. A growing population of anglers attempt to catch as many different species as possible with the fly. With the advancement of technology and development of stronger rods and reels, larger predatory saltwater species such as wahoo, tuna, marlin and sharks have become target species on fly. Realistically any fish can be targeted and captured on fly as long as the main food source is effectively replicated by the fly and suitable gear is used to bring the fish.
More information about Fly fishing and species
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